Finite Element Model for Gulf of Maine


Chen, C. S., R. C. Beardsley, Q. Xu, H. Liu and H. Lin, 2005a: The application of FVCOM to the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region. Part I: Tidal simulation. Deep Sea Res., submitted.


Chen, C. S., H. Liu, R. C. Beardsley, and B. Rothschild, 2005b: The application of FVCOM to the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region. Part IV: Simulated and assimilated modeling studies of the seasonal variability of the subtidal circulation. Deep Sea Res., submitted.


Gulf of Maine


Flagg, C. N., 1987: Hydrographic structure and variability. In: Georges Bank, R. H. Backus (ed.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 108-124.


Water Mass Classification

Brown, W. S., and J. D. Irish, 1993: The annual variation of water mass structure in the Gulf of Maine: 1986-1987. J. Marine Res., 51, 53-107.


Shelfbreak Front (Jet)


Gawarkiewicz, G. G., and D. C. Chapman, 1992: The role of stratification in the formation and maintenance of shelf-break fronts. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 22, 753-772.


Chapman, D. C., and S. J. Lentz, 1994: Trapping of a coastal density front by the bottom boundary layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 1464-1479.


Houghton, R., and M. Visbeck, 1998: Upwelling and convergence in the Middle Atlantic Bight shelfbreak front. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2765-2768.


Continuous Coastal Current


Chapman, D. C., and R. C. Beardsley, 1989: On the origin of shelf water in the Middle Atlantic Bight. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 19, 384-391.


Fratantoni, P. S., and R. S. Pickart, 2005: The western North Atlantic shelfbreak current system in summer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., submitted.


Fratantoni, P. S., and R. S. Pickart, 2005: Structure and alongstream evolution of the shelfbreak jet in the western North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., submitted.

Interannual Variability in the Gulf of Maine


Mountain, D. G., 2004: Variability of the water properties in NAFO subareas 5 and 6 during the 1990s. e-J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci., 34, article 7.


Drinkwater, K., A. Belgrano, A. Borja, A. Conversi, M. Edwards, C. Greene, G. Ottersen, A. Pershing, and H. Walker, 2003: The response of marine ecosystems to climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. In: The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climatic significance and environmental impact, J. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, G. Ottersen, and M. Visbeck (eds.) American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 211-234.


FVCOM Modeling (circulation)


Chen, C. S., H. D. Liu, and R. C. Beardsley, 2003: An unstructured grid, finite-volume, three-dimensional, primitive equations ocean model: Application to coastal ocean and estuaries. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 20(1), 159-186.