U.S. National Science Foundation Announcement of Opportunity for Southern Ocean Modeling


Guidelines for Submission of Proposals


Submission Date: May 1, 1995



As part of the U.S. Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) and the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS) science programs the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Office of Polar Programs and Division of Ocean Sciences announces a call for proposals for modeling studies related to the developing science programs in the Southern Ocean. All proposals should be submitted to the NSF as detailed below.

The Southern Ocean programs of U.S. GLOBEC and U.S. JGOFS will take place in the late 1990s. This announcement is to encourage modeling studies that will advance the understanding of the biogeochemistry and the interactions between marine populations and physical processes in Southern Ocean ecosystems. In particular, modeling studies are encouraged that will advance the planning and design of multidisciplinary field programs. The goal is to develop the capability to predict the response of oceanic biogeochemical processes and marine animal populations to, as well as their influence upon, climatic change.

U.S. GLOBEC and U.S. JGOFS have held workshops to define science issues that are of importance in the Southern Ocean. Results of these workshops are available in U.S. GLOBEC Report No. 5 and U.S. JGOFS Report No. 16. These documents may be obtained from U.S. GLOBEC, Science Steering Committee Coordination Office, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 and U.S. JGOFS Planning and Coordination Office, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, respectively. International plans for Southern Ocean GLOBEC studies are described in GLOBEC International Report No. 5, which is available from GLOBEC-International Secretariat, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, P.O. Box 38, Solomons, MD 20688. All of these documents highlight modeling as an important aspect of developing Southern Ocean research programs and discuss modeling needs in light of the stated program goals.


The long-range goal for the U.S. GLOBEC program is to understand the interactions between physical processes and marine animal populations with an emphasis on predicting the effects of global change on population abundance and variability in marine ecosystems. Long-range goals for the U.S. JGOFS program are to evaluate and understand on a global scale the processes controlling the fluxes of carbon and associated biogenic elements in the ocean and to develop a capability to predict the response of oceanic biogeochemical processes to climate change. The Southern Ocean provides an opportunity to combine the goals of these two programs to address issues of climate change effects on biogeochemical cycling and marine food web processes and how these interact to control and regulate biological production.

The Southern Ocean has long been believed to be a region of significant biological production globally. However, it is not well understood how primary production in the Southern Ocean is controlled. The biological and chemical processes suggested as regulating primary production in the Southern Ocean range from nutrient and trace metal effects, physical processes such as light and turbulent mixing, and biological interactions such as grazing. It's increasingly apparent that many of the animal populations in the Antarctic marine food web have life histories that are closely tied to the large seasonal fluctuations in ice cover in the Southern Ocean. Hence, habitat variability is potentially a strong control on biological production in the Southern Ocean. Full descriptions of each of these issues and their relation to climate change are given in the reports listed above.

Following the recommendations of the national and international workshops and those from the Scientific Steering Committees for U.S. GLOBEC and U.S. JGOFS, proposals for modeling studies are solicited by this announcement in advance of field programs in the Southern Ocean. It is anticipated that modeling studies will provide guidance for the design and implementation of the field programs, both by addressing issues of sampling strategy, and by highlighting key processes and measurements necessary to understand the coupling among physical and biogeochemical processes. Modeling studies might include (but are not limited to):

In addition, studies that address issues that will advance the state of knowledge of modeling as well as provide understanding of the Southern Ocean system are encouraged. Such studies might include ecological models for data assimilation and management, and modeling techniques for matching scales between models.


Proposals should be clearly identified as being in response to this Southern Ocean program opportunity announcement. Requirements for proposal content and format should conform to the guidelines given in Grant Proposal Guide (NSF 94-2). Single copies of this document are available at no cost from the Forms and Publications Unit, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington VA 22230 or via the on-line Science and Technology Information System (STIS).


Twenty completed copies should be marked "Do not open in mail room" and sent directly to the address below. Proposals must be received at NSF by May 1, 1995. Proposals will not be forwarded to other Programs if found to be inappropriate for this announcement. Proposals received after the deadline will be returned to the sender unreviewed.

Polar Biology and Medicine Program
Office of Polar Programs, Room 755
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22230

For further information contact: Dr. Polly Penhale, Polar Biology and Medicine Program, (703) 306-1033, ppenhale@nsf.gov; or Dr. Bernhard Lettau, Polar Ocean and Climate Systems, (703) 306-1033, blettau@nsf.gov; or Dr. Neil Andersen, Chemical Oceanography Program, (703) 306-1587, nanderse@nsf.gov; or Dr. Phillip Taylor, Biological Oceanography Program, (703) 306-1587, prtaylor@nsf.gov.


Proposals will be reviewed in accordance with established NSF procedures for external merit review, criteria described in the Grant Proposal Guide, and goals of U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs.


Grants awarded as a result of this announcement will be administered in accordance with the terms and conditions of NSF GC-1 or FDP, Grant General Conditions. Copies of this document are available at no cost from the NSF Forms and Publication Unit. More comprehensive information is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (7/89) (NSF 88-47) for sale through the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.


The National Science Foundation (NSF) provides awards for research in the sciences and engineering. The awardee is wholly responsible for the conduct of such research and preparation of the results for publication. The Foundation, therefore, does not assume responsibility for such findings or their interpretation. The Foundation welcomes proposals from all qualified scientists and engineers, and strongly encourages women, minorities, and persons with disabilities to compete fully in any of the research and related programs described here.

In accordance with Federal statutes and regulations and NSF policies, no person on grounds of race, color, age, sex, national origin, or disability shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of or be subject to discrimination under any program or activity receiving financial assistance from National Science Foundation.

Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities (investigators or other staff, including student research assistants) to work on an NSF-supported project. See the program announcement (NSF Publication 91-54) or contact the Coordinator in the Directorate for Education and Human Resources. The telephone number is (703)306-1636.

Electronic Dissemination

You can get information fast through STIS (Science and Technology Information), NSF's online publishing system, described in NSF 94-4 the "STIS flyer". To get copies of the flyer, call the NSF Publications Section at (703) 306-0214. For an electronic copy, send an e-mail message to stisfly@nsf.gov.

Ordering by Electronic Mail

If you are a user of electronic mail and have access to the Internet, you may order publications electronically by sending requests to pubs2nsf.gov. In your request, include the NSF publication number and title, number of copies, your name, and a complete mailing address. Publications should be received within three weeks after placement of your order.

Privacy Act and Public Burden

Information requested on NSF application materials is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. It will be used in connection with the selection of qualified proposals and may be used and disclosed to qualified reviewers and staff assistants as part of the review process and to other government agencies. See Systems of Records, NSF-50, Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records, and NSF-51, Reviewer/Proposals File and Associated Records, 59 Federal Register 8031 (February 17, 1994). Submission of the information is voluntary. Failure to provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of your receiving an award.

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 120 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to:

Herman G. Fleming
Reports Clearance Officer
Division of Contracts, Policy, and Oversight
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22230;


Office of Management and Budget
Paperwork Reduction Project (3145-0058)
Washington, DC 20503.

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