Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography

Celebrating 20 Years of CCPO

2012 Spring Seminar Series


Arnoldo Valle-Levinson
University of Florida

Monday, March 26, 2012
3:30 PM
Room 3200, Innovation Research Park Building I


Net circulation and zooplankton vertical migrations in fjords are the two paradigms explored. The paradigm of net circulation in fjords is typically described as being two-layered with outflow at the surface and inflow at depth. This work investigates modifications to such paradigm by proposing a three-layered flow structure in fjords, or in general in semi-enclosed basins, with depths that are at least 5 times greater than a depth of frictional influence. Obvations with acoustic profilers in several Chilean fjords provide ample evidence for the development of three-layered circulations, which are also supported by theoretical results that point to tidal forcing as the main driving agent. Acoustic profiler observations also offer evidence that seems to modify the second paradigm, which deals with diel vertical migrations of zooplankton. Throughout a period of more than 6 months, observations reveal the typical ∼150-200 m ascent of sound scatterers at dusk. It is found, however, that the ascent is followed by an immediate (0.5 hr later) ∼30 m descent, where the scatterers reside at night. Moreover, a rapid near-dawn ascent precedes the typical descent beyond the photic zone. This double cycle that adds a pre-dawn ascent and post-dusk descent constitutes the proposed adjustment to the veritcal migration paradigm.


Arnoldo Valle-Levinson is a Professor at the Civil and Coastal Engineering Department, University of Florida. Prior to moving to Florida in 2005, Dr. Valle-Levinson worked at the Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography of the Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Department, Old Dominion University. His work concentrates on estuarine and coastal hydrodynamics and on interdisciplinary studies of dissolved and suspended matter transport. He very much looks forward to seeing his colleagues and getting feedback from the ideas to be presented there.

Reception before seminar at 3:00 PM

Old Dominion University Homepage Innovation Research Park Building I
4111 Monarch Way, 3rd Floor
Old Dominion University
Norfolk, VA 23508
CCPO Homepage

Updated on 03/19/2012.
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