RCN Workshop

RCN Marine Disease Modeling and Transmission Workshop

May 11-15, 2015

Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography
Old Dominion University
Norfolk, Virginia 23529

Workshop Information

Workshop Resources

Workshop Schedule




Workshop Resources


Abalone biology and disease

  • Altstatt, J.M., R.F. Ambrose, J.M. Engle, P.L. Haaker, K.D. Lafferty & P.T. Raimondi. 1996. Recent declines of black abalone Haliotis cracherodii on the mainland coast of central California. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 142:185-192.
  • Braid, B.A., J.D. Moore, T.T. Robbins, R.P. Hedrick, R.S. Tjeerdema & C.S. Friedman. 2005. Health and survival of red abalone, Haliotis rufescens, under varying temperature, food supply, and exposure to the agent of withering syndrome. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 89:219-231.
  • Crosson, L.M., N. Wight, G.R. VanBlaricom, I. Kiryu, J.D. Moore & C.S. Friedman. 2014. Abalone withering syndrome: distribution, impacts, current diagnostic methods and new findings. Dis. Aquat. Org. 108:261-270. doi: 10.3354/dao02713.
  • Friedman, C.S., K.B. Andree, K. Beauchamp, J.D. Moore, T.T. Robbins, J.D. Shields & R.P. Hedrick. 2000. "Candidatus Xenohaliotis californiensis", a newly described pathogen of abalone, Haliotis spp., along the west coast of North America. Inter. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50:847-855.
  • Friedman, C.S., W. Biggs, J.D. Shields & R.P. Hedrick. 2002. Transmission of withering syndrom in black abalone, Haliotis cracherodii Leach. J. Shellfish Res. 21:817-824.
  • Friedman, C.F. & L.M. Crosson. 2012. Putative phage hyperparasite in the rickettsial pathogen of abalone, "Candidatus Xenohaliotis californiensis". Microb. Ecol. 64:1064-1072.
  • Friedman, C.F. & C.A. Finley. 2003. Anthropogenic introduction of the etiological agent of withering syndrome into Northern California abalone populations via conservation efforts. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 60: 1424-1431.
  • Friedman, C.S., N. Wight, L.M. Crosson, G.R. VanBlaricom & K.D. Lafferty. 2014. Reduced disease in black abalone following mass mortality: Phage therapy and natural selection. Frontiers Aquat. Microbiol. 5:72:1-10.
  • Lafferty, K.D. & A.M. Kuris. 1993. Mass mortality of abalone Haliotis cracherodii on the California Channel Islands: test of epidemiological hypotheses. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 96:239-248.
  • Lafferty, K. & T. Ben-Horin. 2013. Abalone farm discharges WS-RLO pathogen in the wild. Frontiers Aquat. Microbiol. 4:373:2-5.
  • Neuman, M., B. Tissot & G. VanBlaricom. 2010. Overall status and threat assessment of black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii Leach, 1814) populations in California. J. Shellfish Res. 29:577-586.
  • Vilchis, L.I., M.J. Tegner, J.D. Moore, C.S. Friedman, K.L. Riser, T.T. Robbins & P.K. Dayton. 2005. Ocean warming effects on growth, reproduction, and survivorship of southern California abalone. Ecol. Appl. 15:469-480.