Nitrous oxide

Battle, M., M. Bender, T. Sowers, P.P. Tans, J.H. Butler, J.W. Elkins, J.T. Ellis, T. Conway, N. Zhang, P. Lang, and A.D. Clarke. Atmospheric gas concentrations over the past centruy measured in air from firn at the South Pole. Nature. 383:231-235. 1996.

Bouwman, A.F., K.W. Van der Hoek, and J.G.J. Olivier. Uncertainties in the global source distribution of nitrous oxide. J. Geophys. Res. 100:2785-2800. 1995.

Machida, T., T. Nakazawa, Y. Fujii, S. Aoki, and O. Watanabe. Increase in the atmospheric nitrous oxide concentration during the last 250 years. Geophys. Res. Lett. 22:2921-2924. 1995.

Nevison, C., and E. Holland. A reexamination of the impact of anthropogenically fixed nitrogen on atmospheric N2O and the stratospheric O3 layer. J. Geophys. Res. 102:25519-25536. 1997.


Cicerone, R.J., and R.S. Oremland. Biogeochemical aspects of atmospheric methane. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2:299-327. 1988.

Methyl Bromide

Anbar, A.D., Y.L. Yung, and F.P. Chavez. Methyl bromide: Ocean sources, ocean sinks, and climate sensitivity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 10:175-190. 1996.

Yvon, S.A., and J.H. Butler. An improved estimate of the oceanic lifetime of atmospheric CH3Br. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23:53-56. 1996.


Midgley, P.M. The production and release to the atmosphere of industrial halocarbons. Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 96:293-296. 1992.

Molina, M.J. and F.S. Rowland. Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atom catalyzed destruction of ozone. Nature. 249:810-814. 1974.

Prather, M.J. and R.T. Watson. Stratospheric ozone depletion and future levels of atmospheric chlorine and bromine. Nature. 344:729-734. 1990.

Weisenstein, D.K., M.K.W. Ko, and N.D. Sze. The chlorine budget of the present-day atmosphere: A modeling study. J. Geophys. Res. 97:2547-2559. 1992.